Male Urinary Incontinence
People sufferring from male urinary incontinence stress, urge or overflow tend to panic, without knowing that bladder control problems are treatable and that all theyhave to do is to discover the roots causes and eliminate them.
What is Male Urinary Incontinence?
Urinary Incontinence (UI) is actually the accidental and uncontrolled leakage of urine. Many men suffer from this and the risk of encountering this kind of problems increases with age. There are three types of UI and the doctor will set the treatment schema according to each of them:
• Urinary stress incontinence – urine leaking when performing certain actions like coughing, sneezing or lifting;
• Urinary urge incontinence – an overwhelming urge to urinate that cannot be halted, followed by urine leaking;
• Urinary overflow incontinence – frequent urinating and in small amounts.
What causes Urinary Incontinence in men?
The main causes of the UI are nerve problems (determined by diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, strokes) or prostate problems. The prostate is a male gland that surrounds the urethra and whenever its size increases, it puts a lot of pressure on the bladder. The prostate increases with the age and the condition is called benign prostatic hyperplasia. As the size of the prostate grows, it might squeeze the urethra and influence the flow of the urinary stream.
How to prevent Male Urinary Incontinence?
Men can limit the risks of developing urinary incontinence by reducing the consumption of caffeine and alcohol, by keeping their weight down, by not smoking, by avoiding constipation and doing Kegel exercises to improve the muscles activity at the bladder’s level.
How to treat Urinary Incontinence?
The best cure for urinary incontinence is an equilibrated lifestyle combined with the right pills prescribed by the medicine. There is no general cure; every treatment is personalized according to the severity of the issue. Many men do not even need medication; they get to control their bladder by strengthening the muscles that hold the urine in the bladder. Others find their last hope in urinary incontinence surgery.
Equilibrated diet – patients should limit fluids for certain times of the day and go regularly to the bathroom to empty their bladder and, this way, reduce the urinary stress incontinence appearing risk; they may, after a while, continue this with Kegel exercises.
Pills – some of them block abnormal nerve signals that could determine a contraction of the bladder in the wrong moment; other are recommended for urinary incontinence because they slow the urine production process; some drugs shrink the prostate in order to decrease the pressure it puts on the bladder.
Surgery - there are three techniques used in urinary incontinence surgery: the replacement of the bladder’s sphincter by an artificial one; this kind of intervention requires general or spinal anesthesia and it consists of placing a cuff around the urethra, a balloon reservoir in the abdomen and a pump in the scrotum.
Another technique is the male sling when the surgeon wraps a strip of material around the urethra in order to create a support for it. The third surgery method is the urinary diversion used when the entire bladder must be removed.
The most important thing is that the last years have brought many alternatives and treatments for the male urinary incontinence stress and if anyone suspects suffering from such a condition, the best thing to do is to visit the doctor and ask for advice.
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